Primitive Passageways To Future Newville

Passageways evolve out of topography and out of the general location of the area with reference to destinations. For about seventy miles the Cumberland Valley of Pennsylvania extends southwestward from the Susquehanna River across from Harrisburg to the Potomac River in Maryland. The Valley is bounded in the southeast by South Mountain and on the northwest by Blue Mountain. The eastern two-thirds of the Valley is drained eastward by the widely meandering Conodoguinet Creek, which from Roxbury Gap traverses the northern side of the Valley for a distance of about 100 miles in an air distance of forty-three miles. 

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Isabella Oliver

Photo of the cover page from Oliver's Poems

Isabella Oliver, (July 16, 1771—June 7, 1843), once known as the “poetess of the Conodoguinet,” or more colorfully as that creek’s “muse,” was the second--and the first female--published Cumberland County poet in 1805 with Poems on Various Subjects, following the unknown writer of The Unequal Conflict in 1792.